If you have animals or a garden in your home, you may be at risk for Lyme disease. Therefore it is very important to know what this disease is about, how to attack it and of course prevent it. In this post we show you how to identify the early signs of Lyme disease.
What is lyme disease?
In the United States, Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii, transmitted primarily by black-legged ticks. Ticks are brown or gray in color, and when young they are often no larger than a poppy seed, which can make them nearly impossible to detect. Lyme disease can become chronic if not caught early, so knowing its symptoms and treatments will help you get rid of it.
To get Lyme disease, a tick must bite you. The bacteria enter the skin through the bite and eventually make their way into the bloodstream. In most cases, to transmit Lyme disease, a tick must be attached to the skin for 36 to 48 hours. Dogs are usually the most affected. If you find a tick that appears swollen, it has likely fed long enough to transmit the bacteria.
Removing the tick as soon as possible can prevent infection. The signs and symptoms of Lyme disease vary and usually appear in stages.
Early signs of lyme disease
A small red bump often appears at the site of a tick bite or after removal. This is normal after a sting and does not indicate the presence of Lyme disease. However, signs and symptoms may be noticeable within a month of being infected. Here are some of them:
1. Skin rash
3 to 30 days after an infected tick bite, an expanding red area may appear to blur in the center, forming a bull's-eye pattern. The skin rash (Erythema migrans, chronic) spreads slowly over days and can spread to 12 inches (30 centimeters) wide. It is usually not itchy or painful.
A chronic migratory erythema is one of the characteristics of Lyme disease. Some people develop this rash in more than one area of the body.
2. Flu-like symptoms
These symptoms include fever, chills, fatigue, body aches, and headache.
3. Heart problems
It can produce an irregular heartbeat. For your peace of mind, heart problems rarely last more than a few days or weeks.
Other symptoms are:
· Inflammation of the eyes.
· Inflammation of the liver (hepatitis).
· Severe fatigue
Late signs and symptoms of lyme disease
If not treated in time, new signs and symptoms of lyme infection may appear in the following weeks or months. These include:
1. Reproduction of erythema migrans
Erythema migrans will appear in other areas of your body if you do not detect the disease at the first warning.
2. Pain in the joints
Severe joint pain and swelling attacks are especially prone to affecting the knees, but pain can pass from one joint to another.
3. Neurological problems
Weeks, months, or even years after infection, inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain (meningitis), temporary paralysis of one side of the face (Bell's palsy), numbness or weakness in the extremities, and disturbance of muscle movements
Signs and symptoms caused by the Borrelia mayonii bacteria can also include:
· Nausea and vomiting
· Diffuse rashes (rather than a single bull's eye rash commonly associated with Lyme disease)
When to consult a doctor?
It's important to see your doctor right away, even if the signs and symptoms disappear. The absence of symptoms does not mean that the disease is gone. If left untreated, Lyme disease can spread to other parts of your body after several months or years of infection, causing arthritis and nervous system problems. Ticks can also carry other diseases, such as babesiasis and Colorado tick fever. Joint pain caused by lyme disease
How to prevent lyme disease?
The best way to prevent Lyme disease is to avoid areas where ticks live, such as wooded areas and tall grass. You can lower your risk of Lyme disease with a few simple precautions:
Cover yourself well
When you go to wooded or grassland areas, wear shoes, long pants tucked into socks, a long-sleeved shirt, a hat, and gloves. Try to follow the trails and avoid walking through low bushes and tall grasses. Keep your dog on a leash.
Use insect repellent.
Apply insect repellent with a concentration of 20 percent DEET or higher on your skin. Parents should apply repellent to their children, avoiding their hands, eyes and mouth. Be aware that chemical repellants can be toxic, so follow the directions carefully. Apply permethrin products to clothing or purchase pretreated clothing.
Take a bath after returning from the forest
You need to shower as soon as you return from the forest. Ticks often linger on your skin for hours before biting you. Showering and using a washcloth can remove unattached ticks.
Carefully following these tips will protect you and your family from contracting this irritable disease, which can be fatal. We hope these suggestions will be of great help to you.
Skin tags are very common. According to the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology, scientists guess that almost half of all adults experience them. Luckily, they’re also mostly painless. But how do you get rid of skin tags without calling your doc? These noncancerous growths can appear anywhere on your body. But they’re fondest of hanging out in places where your skin folds (think armpits, groin, thighs, and eyelids). Skincell pro supplement